It was established that a resonant frequency of the main shaft was being excited by the gear mesh. Since this frequency was highly dependent on preload -i.e., bearing stiffness- the failure problems could be solved, it was determined, by using bearings that were five times stiffer to raise the resonant frequency out of the normal gear mesh excitation range.
Suspension System’s Contribution to Cab Noise
A series of tests were conducted using the Xcite 1100-4 Systems to study the contributions of various suspension components to the noise measured in the passenger compartment of a popular sub compact automobile. The 1106-4-T/C exciter head was selected for the project because of its ease of fixturing; since it can be statically controlled by force or displacement, the 1106-4-T/C is ideally suited for studying highly compliant and non-linear structures.
In the first phase of testing, the exciter head was placed under the car’s rear axle. The amount of displacement and static force were varied to observe changes in the axle’s transfer function resulting from these parameters. The noise problem under consideration occurred near 600 Hz.
Next, with the 1106-4-T/C still under the axle, the suspension’s transmissibility was studied by running controlled tests of static displacement and dynamic force while various components of the suspension were removed. This provided an understanding of the relative contribution of each component to the transmission of gear mesh vibration from the axle.
By drilling holes in the axle tube and holding an accelerometer mounted on a rod against the axle, it was determined that the axle itself was the primary cause of the noise problem. Its resonant frequency corresponded to a vehicle speed of 66 mph. This test showed clearly that the noise spectrum inside the car could be altered substantially by shifting or eliminating the axle’s resonance.
A rear wheel was replaced by the 1106-4-T/C exciter head in the final test of the series. With its 1000 lbs. static preload capability, the 1106-4-T/C easily supported the load experienced by the wheel. With the exciter head under static displacement control, transfer functions were run using various levels of dynamic force. The ability of the Xcite System to maintain a constant force level, regardless of changes in structure stiffness as resonance are exciter, makes it ideal for this type of testing.
An Xcite 1100-6 System was used to determine the cause of fatigue failures in a crawler-trailer idler wheel assembly. The entire sub-frame was mounted on air rides and the 1106-4-T/C exciter head was used to determine the dynamic characteristics of the structure.
The results of these tests provided the design engineers with not only the resonant frequencies of the idler wheel assembly, but also its mode shapes and areas of high stress at any given frequency. Subsequent design changes eliminated the fatigue failure problem.
Chatter problems in a lathe were investigated using the Xcite 1100-4 System. Since the exciter head had to be mounted between the tool holder and the work piece and dynamic forces of up to 500 lbs. were required from 0 to 1000 Hz, the Xcite Systems 1106-4-T/C was the only exciter head which would meet the application requirements.
After the transfer functions of the lathe have been plotted and the mode shapes determined, the designer knows which structural components must be modified to enhance cutting efficiency. The Xcite System proved to be an effective tool in reducing operating costs through structural design improvement; its use eliminated the expensive trial-and-error approach to design changes.